Buresinnova - Xeriscape
A sustainable garden is one in which native and introduced plants are adapted to the available light, moisture and soil conditions, they require little fertilizer and pesticides to grow, conserving and protecting the balance of nature and providing the aesthetic value of the landscaping art.
The adaptation of gardening to lower consumption of water and natural resources in general requires a fundamental change in the management of gardens, in terms of species selection, their construction, and the maintenance techniques. New technologies from multiple fields of engineering and biology allow for adaptation to conceptual change of gardening, more consistent with the conservation of natural resources.
To achieve this change, one must balance the needs of the plants with the surrounding environment in terms of agricultural management (land, irrigation) and regarding the knowledge of plants, while taking into account management of human performance on the garden which is reflected in a program of sustainable design and maintenance.
In 1981, in the United States of America, the term "XERISCAPE" was established to define the landscape with low water consumption, water-conserving or drought tolerant landscapes. Silvia Burés was responsible for introducing these techniques in Spain and the creator of the term "Xerojardinería®" to describe an efficient landscaping for the use of water.
XERISCAPE is based on making sound management of natural resources (water, fertilizer), sound agronomic management of planting and maintenance of the gardens, choosing species adapted to soil and climatic conditions of the site and using the newest technologies in irrigation management, management of water reserves of the substrate and watering systems. XERISCAPE is based on knowing the physiology and the origin of plants so as to select those that best suit the environment and to create a design that incorporates the required expertise, since a sustainable design requires planning in advance.
PROJECTS AND CONSTRUCTION OF XERISCAPES
Buresinnova, pioneering XERISCAPE techniques, implements projects and builds or rehabilitates existing gardens based on the guidelines of XERISCAPE.
BURESINNOVA is the first and only company of XEROJARDINERÍA® in Spain
PRINCIPLES OF XERISCAPE
- Planning and Design. A well planned garden takes into account climatic and microclimate conditions of the site, existing vegetation and topographical conditions, the intended use and desires of the property and also the grouping of plant material according to their water needs.
- Soil Analysis. Soil characteristics delimit the number of species used in gardening. XERISCAPE promotes the use of species that are adapted to the texture, to soil pH or salinity, together with adequate management of irrigation and drainage systems development.
- Appropriate selection of plants The choice of plants in XERISCAPE is fundamental and must take into account environmental factors in the area where the garden is located. Knowledge of native vegetation is essential to choose more carefully the plants in this type of gardening.
- Practical Turf Areas. Grass should be located in areas of the garden where they will provide a greater functional benefit. The lawn should not be treated as a filler but as a major planned element. Using drought-tolerant grasses and limiting the amount of grass to reduce watering needs.
- Efficient Irrigation. The application of methods, such as Landscape Coefficient allows to estimate the water requirements of plants. Efficiency of irrigation can be increased through the use of moisture sensors and tensiometers, and developing systems (drip, micro sprinklers, etc.) that optimize water consumption.
- Using Mulch. The use of mulch prevents water loss by minimizing evaporation, reduces weed growth and allows the water to penetrate more easily into the root zone, helping to prevent erosion and runoff.
- Adequate Maintenance. Many maintenance practices can save water in the garden, developing hardened plants with root systems that are more efficient in water use.